and sacramental grace, they can and should gradually and resolutely approach Christian perfection. 323 In 1521 the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan made the first Catholic converts in the Philippines. An innocent spouse who lives in continence following divorce, or couples who live in continence following a civil divorce for a grave cause, do not sin. It is as head of the Holy See, not as head of Vatican City State, that the pope receives ambassadors of states and sends them his own diplomatic representatives. Archived from the original on Retrieved chreck,. Archived from the original on Retrieved Mark. 324 Elsewhere, Portuguese missionaries under the Spanish Jesuit Francis Xavier evangelised in India, China, and Japan. 51 Similarly, civil law may give force in its field to canon law, but only by specific enactment, as with regard to canonical marriages. The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and health care in the world. He does not deny the claim: yet certainly, had he been able, he would have done. 45 It has all the ordinary elements of a mature legal system: 46 laws, courts, lawyers, judges, 46 a fully articulated legal code, 47 principles of legal interpretation 48 and coercive penalties that are limited to moral coercion. 183 Within the general vocation to be a Christian, these two sacraments "consecrate to specific mission or vocation among the people of God. However, consideration of particular cases by the competent ecclesiastical tribunal can lead to declaration of the invalidity of a marriage, a declaration usually referred to as an annulment. Some Eastern Catholic Churches are governed by a patriarch who is elected by the synod of the bishops of that church, 62 others are headed by a major archbishop, 63 others are under a metropolitan, 64 and others are organised as individual eparchies. The church condemned the 1939 Invasion of Poland that started World War II and other subsequent wartime Nazi invasions. (The Philippines does, however, allow divorce for Muslims.) Contraception Main article: Christian views on contraception Catholic Church See also: Catholic Church and HIV/aids and Religious response to assisted reproductive technology Catholicism The church teaches that sexual intercourse should. "Agreement between the Holy See and the Republic of Malta on the recognition of civil effects to canonical marriages and to the decisions of the ecclesiastical authorities and tribunals about the same marriages". 113 Final Judgment Main article: Last Judgment Catholicism The Catholic Church teaches that, immediately after death, the soul of each person will receive a particular judgement from God, based on their sins and their relationship to Christ.