of English vocabulary 6 210 English, besides forming new words from existing words and their roots, also borrows words from other languages. English has also borrowed many words directly from Latin, the ancestor of the Romance languages, during all stages of its development. The Great Vowel Shift affected the stressed long vowels of Middle English. Many of the grammatical features that a modern reader of Shakespeare might find quaint or archaic represent the distinct characteristics of Early Modern English. The pronunciation of particular areas distinguishes dialects as separate regional accents. Changing the vowel of the stem, as in the pairs speak/spoke and foot/feet ) and weak stems inflected through affixation (such as love/loved, hand/hands ). Jespersen, Otto (2007) 1924. Most phonological differences from RP are in the vowels. We us our ours ourselves 2nd. Many users of English in the expanding circle use it to communicate with other people from the expanding circle, so that interaction with native speakers of English plays no part in their decision to use English. Doi :.1016/B /02189-1. Onsets can only have four types of consonant clusters: a stop and approximant, as in play ; a voiceless fricative and approximant, as in fly or sly ; s and a voiceless stop, as in stay ; and.