for experts in such fields as medicine and engineering was too great. At the end of the war, Europe had more than 40 million refugees, its economy had collapsed, and 70 percent of its industrial infrastructure was destroyed. Film Main article: Nazism and cinema Movies were popular in Germany in the 1930s and 1940s, with admissions of over a billion people in 1942, 19By 1934, German regulations restricting currency exports made it impossible for US film. The plan was to overthrow Hitler or possibly assassinate him. Roosevelt for military disarmament, provided the other nations of Europe did the same. Very heavy strategic bombing by the Allies targeted refineries producing synthetic oil and gasoline, as well as the German transportation system, especially rail yards and canals. The Nazis postulated the existence of a racial conflict between the Aryan master race and inferior races, particularly Jews, who were viewed as a mixed race that had infiltrated society and were responsible for the exploitation and repression of the Aryan race. In the Holocaust, millions of Jews and other peoples deemed undesirable by the state were imprisoned, murdered in Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps, or shot. Violent suppression of communists by the SA was undertaken nationwide and 4,000 members of the Communist Party of Germany were arrested. Waltham, Mass: University Press of New England. Young women of the Bund Deutscher Mädel (League of German Girls) practising gymnastics in 1941 Women were expected to be strong, healthy, and vital. University of California at Berkeley. They objected to the Old Testament because of its Jewish origins and demanded that converted Jews be barred from their church. The nsdap daily newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter Ethnic Observer was edited by Rosenberg, who also wrote The Myth of the Twentieth Century, a book of racial theories espousing Nordic superiority. Hundreds of camps of varying size and function were created by the end of the war. Hitler and his economic team expected that the upcoming territorial expansion would provide the means of repaying the soaring national debt. Envisioning widespread car ownership as part of the new Germany, Hitler arranged for designer Ferdinand Porsche to draw up plans for the KdF-wagen ( Strength Through Joy car intended to be an automobile that everyone could afford.