and lowercase letters". For example, in Chinese, "university" literally "great learning is usually abbreviated simply as great when used with the name of the institute. Numbers (both cardinal and ordinal ) in names are often represented by digits rather than initial letters: as in "4GL" fourth generation language or "G77" Group. My memory is beginning to fail. But beyond that reasonably close correspondence, the short name's chief utility is in functioning cognitively as a name, rather than being a cryptic and forgettable string, albeit faithful to the matching of letters. Others point out that language change has happened for thousands of years, and argue that it should be embraced as inevitable, or as innovation that adapts the language to changing circumstances. A word created from the first letter or letters of each word in a series of words or a phrase.