council; among those teachings was the church's teaching regarding the immorality of contraception. 280 Some scholars state Peter was the first Bishop of Rome. Note 2 In the Catechetical Lectures (c. . Dioceses, parishes, organisations and institutes Further information: List of Catholic dioceses (structured view), Parish in the Catholic Church, Religious institute, and Catholic charities Individual countries, regions, or major cities are served by particular churches known as dioceses. The Church's official recognition of sanctity implies that the person is now in Heaven and that he may be publicly invoked and mentioned officially in the liturgy of the Church, including in the Litany of the Saints.